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World Wide Web Page

Introduction

1.       What is the World Wide Web?

The World Wide Web, also called the Web, is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators, interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet. English scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989.

 

2.       Who developed the World Wide Web?

Sir Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web in 1989.

 

3.       Why was the World Wide Web created?

The web was originally developed to meet the demand for automated information-sharing between scientists in universities and institutes around the world. This allowed the web to flourish.

 

4.       Where was the World Wide Web developed?

It was developed in the United States.

 

5.       What effect has it had on society?

·         Billions of users, communities, cultures using the internet in their daily life. And our actions, thoughts and communication, entertainment

·         Web is impacting society positively and negatively

·         It is the biggest positive when it’s about awareness and unity

 

 

Explain the parts of a web address – URL

1.       Protocol

Protocol is a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices, such as computers. One of the most important computer protocol is OSI (Open Systems Interconnection), a set of guidelines for applying networking communications between computers.

 

2.       Host

a.       www

WWW is a network of online content that is formatted in HTML and accessed via HTTP.

 

b.      Domain

A distinct subset of the Internet with addresses sharing a common suffix or under the control of a particular organization or individual.

 

 

c.       Subdomain

An Internet domain which is part of a primary domain.

 

d.      Port

A port is a connection point or interface between a computer and an external or internal device. Internal ports connect such devices as hard drives and CD ROM or DVD drives; external ports may connect modems, printers, mice and other devices.

 

3.       Path

A path, specifies a unique location in a file system. A path points to a file system location by following the directory tree hierarchy expressed in a string of characters in which path components, separated by a delimiting character, represent each directory.

 

4.       Query

Query is a computer programming language used to retrieve information from a database. The uses of databases are various. They provide a means of retrieving records or parts of records and performing various calculations before displaying the results.

 

https://doepud.co.uk/blog/anatomy-of-a-url

 

 

Describe the following types of Domain

1.       com

Domain names are typically used by commercial website

2.       gov

gov is a sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet. The name is derived from the word government, indicating its restricted use by government entities in the United States.

3.       edu

Websites used for education purposes

4.       mil

mil is the sponsored top-level domain (sTLD) in the Domain Name System of the Internet for the United States Department of Defence and its subsidiary or affiliated organizations.

5.       org

Websites are often used by non-profit organizations.

 

6.       Country – eg UK

a.       co

UK commercial

b.      gov

Government

c.       org

Charities and non- profitable organisations

d.      ac

Academic

e.      sch

Schools

 

 

Describe the following using examples

1.       Blog

Blog is a list of text, images, or other objects that are arranged in an order. Blogs are updated and contain personal remarks about a topic on the person's life. An example is Mashable and Boing Boing etc.

 

2.       Wiki

Wiki is a Web site that allows users to add and update content on the site using their own Web browser. An example of a large wiki is the Wikipedia, a free encyclopaedia in many languages that anyone can edit.

 

3.       Social Media

Social media are technologies that facilitate the creation and sharing of information, ideas, career interests and other forms of expression via virtual communities and networks. Examples of social media are Snapchat, Instagram, Twitter and Facebook etc.

 

Explain the following terms

1.       Hyperlink

A hyperlink, is a reference to data that the reader can directly follow either by clicking, or tapping. A hyperlink points to a whole document or to a specific element within a document. Hypertext is text with hyperlinks. The text that is linked from is called anchor text.

 

2.       URL

Uniform Resource Locator is a protocol for specifying addresses on the Internet. An address that identifies a particular file on the Internet, usually consisting of the protocol, as http, followed by the domain name.

 

3.       ISP

An ISP (Internet service provider) is a company that provides individuals and other companies’ access to the Internet and other related services such as Web site building and virtual hosting.

 

4.       http

HyperText Transfer Protocol is the communications protocol used to connect to Web servers on the Internet or on a local network (intranet). Its primary function is to establish a connection with the server and send HTML pages back to the user's browser.

 

5.       https

HyperText Transport Protocol Secure is the protocol used to access a secure Web server. When https:// is used as the prefix of a Web address rather than the common http://, the session is managed by a security protocol, typically TLS, which superseded SSL, and the transmission is encrypted to and from the Web server.

 

6.       ftp

The File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol used for the transfer of computer files between a client and server on a computer network.

 

7.       Upload

Uploading means data is being sent from your computer to the Internet. This includes sending email, posting photos on a social media site and using your webcam. Even clicking on a link on a web page sends a tiny data upload. Downloading means your computer is receiving data from the Internet.

 

8.       Download

The term is often used to describe the process of copying a file from an online service or bulletin board service (BBS) to one's own computer. Downloading can also refer to copying a file from a network file server to a computer on the network.